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charge是什么意思及反义词

沪江词库精选charge是什么意思、英语单词推荐、用法及解释、中英文句子翻译、英语短语、词汇辨析
英音 [tʃɑ:dʒ] ;
美音 [tʃɑrdʒ] ;
名词
1.可数名词: 费用,价钱,索价
2.不可数名词: 掌管;照顾;责任
3.可数名词: 被照顾的人(或事物)
4.可数名词: 控告,指控(+against/of)
5.可数名词: 指责
6.可数名词: 突然猛攻,攻击,冲锋(号)
7.可数名词:(一发子弹所装的)炸药量
;(一定量的)炸药
8.[C,U] 充电,电荷;(激情的)蕴藏
9.可数名词: 命令,指示(+to-v)
及物动词:
1. 索价;对...索费;课(税)(+for)
2. 把...记入帐册,,赊购(+to)
3. 向...冲去,袭击
4. 控告,指控(+with)
5. 指责;谴责(+that)
6. 指示,责令;使承担责任,,委以责任(+with)
7. 装弹于(枪、炮)(+with)
8.【旧】倒酒于(杯子)(+with)
9. 将(电池)充电
不及物动词:
1. 索价;收费(+for)
2. 冲锋,向前冲(+at)
3. 充电
词形变化
单词分析
  • 这两个动词均有“指控、谴责”之意。
    accuse普通用词,正式或非正式场合,私人或法律上均可用。被指控的情节可轻可重。常与of连用。
    charge常与accuse换用,但charge多指较严重的错误或罪行,而且往往向法庭提出正式起诉。
  • 这些名词均有“价格,费用”之意。
    charge指提供服务时索取的费用,也指货物的价格、价钱。
    price指商品在市场出售的价格,尤指卖方对商品所提出的单价。比喻意义指付出的代价。
    fee指上学、求医以及找律师等付的费用,还可指会费、借书费等。
    fare侧重指旅行时所付的车、船费等费用。
    cost指生产某东西的成本,也泛指商品的价格,可与price换用。
    expense常指实际支付的费用总数额,有时也指钱的花费。
英语解释
  • assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  • demand payment
  • enter a certain amount as a charge
  • lie down on command, of hunting dogs
  • give over to another for care or safekeeping
  • cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
  • cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
  • move quickly and violently
  • provide with munition
  • place a heraldic bearing on
  • file a formal charge against
  • to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle
  • direct into a position for use
  • impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
  • make an accusatory claim
  • attribute responsibility to
  • instruct or command with authority
  • instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
  • energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
  • cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
  • set or ask for a certain price
  • the price charged for some article or service
  • financial liabilities (such as a tax)
  • saturate
  • (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
  • a person committed to your care
  • the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
  • a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
  • request for payment of a debt
  • the swift release of a store of affective force
  • (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
  • an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
  • a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time
  • heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
  • a special assignment that is given to a person or group
  • attention and management implying responsibility for safety
  • a impetuous rush toward someone or something
  • pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt
  • fill or load to capacity
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