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abandon是什么意思及用法

沪江词库精选abandon是什么意思、英语单词推荐、用法及解释、中英文句子翻译、英语短语、词汇辨析
英音 [ə'bændən] ;
美音 [ə'bændən] ;
及物动词:
1. 放弃
2. 离弃;丢弃
3.(不顾责任、义务等而)遗弃,抛弃
4. 使屈从
5.(常作abandon oneself)放纵;使沉溺于
6.【废】逐出,开除
不可数名词:
1. 放任,放纵,无拘无束
2. 狂放,狂热

&diams
abandon oneself to 沉溺于…
词形变化
单词分析
  • 这些动词或词组均含“抛弃、放弃”之意
    abandon强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。
    desert着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。
    forsake侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。
    leave普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。
    give up普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。
英语解释
  • leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
  • the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry
  • stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims
  • a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
  • forsake, leave behind
  • leave behind empty; move out of
  • give up with the intent of never claiming again
例句
  • Brunot changed the name to Scrabble, revised Betts's apparently complicated rules and set up shop in an abandoned schoolhouse 布鲁诺特将游戏棋改名为拼字游戏,修改了伯茨原来过于繁琐的规则,并在一间废弃校舍里开始了生产。
  • "This rabbit had no natural enemies in the Antipodes, so that it multiplied with that promiscuous abandon characteristic of rabbits. " 它们在澳洲没有遇到任何的天敌,因此便以固有的方式到处交配繁衍后代。
  • "Dido:The founder and queen of Carthage, who fell in love with aeneas and killed herself when he abandoned her." "传说中的迦太基女王:迦太基的创建者和王后,与埃涅阿斯坠入情网,在被抛弃后自杀."
  • After his wife died, he abandoned himself to grief 妻子去世后,他陷于悲痛之中。
  • "It was briefly abandoned in favour of the Antonine Wall, but it returned to use until c. 410. Portions remain visible today. " 哈德良长城曾被舍弃一短时期,而采用安东尼墙,后来哈德良长城又继续使用,直到约410年。部分城墙仍保存至今。
  • Self for saking;throw oneself away;give oneself up to vice;abandon oneself to despair 自暴自弃
  • The car was badly damaged, so they abandoned it. 这辆车坏得太严重了,所以他们报废了它。
  • Instead, she was spending her day manning an outpost for commerce in a nearly abandoned,downtown Denver. 可是,她却为了生计把这一天的时间花在经营这家丹佛市里几乎为人所遗忘的边远小店上。
  • The Trojans, seeing the encampment broken up and the fleet gone, concluded the enemy to have abandoned the siege 特洛伊人看到军营解散,战船远航,认为敌人放弃围城计划了。
  • Illustrious knights…abandon then the things that perish, to gather unfading palms, and conquer a Kingdom which has no end. 显赫的骑士啊…抛弃尘世终将消灭的一切吧,你们该夺取的是常青之树,要征服的是永恒的王国。
相似短语
相似单词
  • abandon v.[T] 1. 放弃 2. 离弃;丢弃 3.(不顾责任、义务等而)遗弃,抛弃 4. 使屈从 5.(常作abandon oneself)放纵;使沉溺于 6.【废】逐出,开除 n.[U]
最新单词