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abandon是什么意思及用法

沪江词库精选abandon是什么意思、英语单词推荐、用法及解释、中英文句子翻译、英语短语、词汇辨析
英音 [ə'bændən] ;
美音 [ə'bændən] ;
及物动词:
1. 放弃
2. 离弃;丢弃
3.(不顾责任、义务等而)遗弃,抛弃
4. 使屈从
5.(常作abandon oneself)放纵;使沉溺于
6.【废】逐出,开除
不可数名词:
1. 放任,放纵,无拘无束
2. 狂放,狂热

&diams
abandon oneself to 沉溺于…
词形变化
单词分析
  • 这些动词或词组均含“抛弃、放弃”之意
    abandon强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。
    desert着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。
    forsake侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。
    leave普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。
    give up普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。
英语解释
  • leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
  • the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry
  • stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims
  • a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
  • forsake, leave behind
  • leave behind empty; move out of
  • give up with the intent of never claiming again
例句
  • the steersman, glad to be relieved, looked at the captain, and te latter by a sign indicated that he might abandon it to his new comrade 舵手很高兴能有机会松一松手,就望望船长,后者示意他可以把舵交给新来的伙伴。
  • He was a miserable scamp, a sort of mendicant musician, a lazy beggar, who beat her, and who abandoned her as she had taken him, in disgust 那人是一个穷汉,一个流浪音乐师,一个好吃懒做的无赖,他打她,春宵既度,便起了厌恶的心,把她丢了。
  • Silent, mournful, abandoned, broken, czechoslovakia recedes into the darkness 缄默的、悲哀的、被抛弃的、支离破碎的捷克斯洛伐克,已在黑暗之中。
  • With this consoling idea, I leave you, madame, and most prudent wife, without any conscientious reproach for abandoning you 我带着这个宽慰的念头离开了你,我审慎的夫人,我虽然离开了你,但良心上却并无任何遗弃你的内疚。
  • "Perhaps you think I shall abandon you, dear grandpapa, and that I shall forget you when I am married?" “亲爱的爷爷,或许您以为我会抛弃您,以为我会在结婚之后忘了您,是不是?”
  • This hard, melancholy dell, abandoned by the summer light, made her feel her loneliness 这阴森可怕的荒谷,这被夏日的亮光所遗弃的深壑,都使她感到孤独。
  • "Oh, I am a christian," cried Dants, guessing instinctively that this man meant to abandon him “噢,我是一个基督徒,”唐太斯大声说,他本能地猜想到这个人是有意要弃他而去。
  • Under the Right opportunist line of Chen Tu-hsiu, the peasants, our chief ally, were abandoned 当时陈独秀的右倾机会主义路线,抛弃了农民这个最主要的同盟军。
  • She wept at once, with sudden, wild abandonment, in her sister's arms 她猛地一下倒在姐姐怀里“哇”地一声号啕大哭起来。
  • "Inasmuch as the debtor has gone bankrupt, I will abandon the claim." "债务人既已破产,我将放弃债权。"
相似短语
相似单词
  • abandon v.[T] 1. 放弃 2. 离弃;丢弃 3.(不顾责任、义务等而)遗弃,抛弃 4. 使屈从 5.(常作abandon oneself)放纵;使沉溺于 6.【废】逐出,开除 n.[U]
最新单词